Contacts Centre for Environmental Biology


PhD, Assistant Professor, University of Porto Medical School

CBA research group(s):

Environmental Stress and Functional Ecology

Personal webpage

Team webpage

Hugo Cardoso

Main Research Interests

I am mainly interested in forensic anthropology and in the epidemiology of human growth, with an emphasis on bioculturality and human variation. In the forensic context my research focuses on methods of human identification from the skeleton, particularly in the immature skeleton, and skeletal trauma analysis. In human growth research, I am interested in the skeletal biology of past populations through reconstruction of growth patterns, and in health of modern populations, namely in the impact of socioeconomic inequalities, poverty and social, economic and political changes on growth and development of children.


Academic Qualifications

- 2005 PhD Anthropology (McMaster University, Canada)

- MSc Biological Anthropology (2000) – University of Coimbra (Portugal)

- BSc Biology (1998) – University of Lisbon (Portugal)


Recent Publications

Marinho L., Almeida D., Santos A., Cardoso H.F.V. 2012. Is the length of the sternum reliable for estimating adult stature? A pilot study using fresh sterna and a test of two methods using dry sterna. Forensic Science International  220 (1): 292.e1-292.e4.

Campanacho V., Santos A.L. & Cardoso H.F.V. 2012. Assessing the Influence of Occupational Activity on the Rate of Degenerative Change of the Pubic Symphysis in Portuguese Males from the 19th -20th Century. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 148 (3): 371–378.

Cardoso H.F.V., Puentes K., Soares A., Santos A. & Magalhães T. 2012. The value of radiocarbon dating in determining the forensic interest of human skeletal remains found in unusual circumstances. Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine 19: 97-100.

Gonçalves D., Campanacho V. & Cardoso H.F.V. 2011. Reliability of the Lateral Angle of the Internal Auditory Canal for Sex Determination of Subadult Skeletal Remains. Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine 18: 121-124.

Cardoso H.F.V & Rios L. 2011. Age estimation from stages of epiphyseal union in the presacral vertebrae. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 144(2): 238–247.

Conceição E.L.N &, Cardoso H.F.V. 2011. Environmental effects on skeletal versus dental development II: Further testing of a basic assumption in human osteological research. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 144:463–470.

Susman R.L., Patel B.A., Cardoso H.F.V. & Francis M.J. 2011. Metatarsal fusion pattern and developmental morphology of the Olduvai Hominid 8 foot: Evidence of adolescence. Journal of Human Evolution 60(1): 58-69.

Wilson L.A.B., Cardoso H.F.V. & Humphrey L.T. 2011. On the reliability of a geometric morphometric approach to sex determination: a blind test of six criteria of the juvenile ilium. Forensic Science International 206(1-3):35-42.

Cardoso H.F.V., Santos A., Dias R., Garcia C., Pinto M., Sérgio C. & Magalhães T. 2010. Establishing a minimum postmortem interval of human remains in an advanced state of skeletonization using the growth rate of bryophytes and plant roots. International Journal of Legal Medicine 24(5): 451-456.

Cardoso H.F.V. 2010. Testing Discriminant Functions for Sex Determination from Deciduous Teeth. Journal of Forensic Sciences 55 (6): 1557-1560.

Cardoso H.F.V., Heuze Y. & Julio, P. 2010. Secular Change in the Timing of Dental Root Maturation in Portuguese Boys and Girls. American Journal of Human Biology 22 (6): 791-800.

Cardoso H.F.V. 2009. Accuracy of developing tooth length as an estimate of age in human skeletal remains the permanent dentition. American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology 30(2): 127-133.

Cardoso H.F.V. 2009. A test of three methods for estimating stature from immature skeletal remains using long bone lengths. Journal of Forensic Sciences 54(1): 13-19.

Cardoso H.F.V. & Garcia S. 2009. The Not-So-Dark Ages: Ecology for Human Growth in Medieval and Early Twentieth Century Portugal as Inferred From Skeletal Growth Profiles. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 138 (2):136-147.

Rios L. & Cardoso H.F. 2009. Age estimation from stages of union of the vertebral epiphyses of the ribs. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 140: 265–274.

Cardoso H.F.V. 2008. Age estimation of adolescent and young adult male and female skeletons II: Epiphyseal union at the upper limb and scapular girdle in a modern Portuguese skeletal sample. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 137: 97-105.

Cardoso H.F.V. 2008. Epiphyseal union at the lower limb and hipbone in a modern Portuguese skeletal sample and age estimation in adolescent and young adult male and female skeletons. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 135: 161-170.

Cardoso H.F.V. 2008. Sample-specific (universal) approaches for determining the sex of immature human skeletal remains using permanent tooth dimensions. Journal of Archaeological Science 35: 158-168.

Cardoso H.F.V. 2008. Secular changes in body height and weight of Portuguese boys over one century. American Journal of Human Biology 20: 270-277.

Cardoso H.F.V. & Padez C. 2008. Changes in height, weight, BMI and in the prevalence of obesity among 9 to 11 year-old affluent Portuguese schoolboys, between 1960 and 2000. Annals of Human Biology 35: 624-638.

Cardoso H.F.V. & Saunders S.R. 2008. Two arch criteria of the ilium for sex determination of immature skeletal remains: A test of their accuracy and an assessment of intra- and inter-observer error. Forensic Science International 178: 24-29.

Heuzé Y. & Cardoso H.F.V. 2008. Testing the quality of non-adult Bayesian dental age assessment methods to juvenile skeletal remains: the Lisbon collection children and secular trend effects. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 135: 275-283.

Cardoso H.F.V. 2007. Environmental Effects on Skeletal versus Dental Development: Using a Documented Subadult Skeletal Sample to Test a Basic Assumption in Human Osteological Research. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 132: 223-233.

Cardoso H.F.V. 2007. Accuracy of Developing Tooth Length as an Estimate of Age in Human Skeletal Remains: The Deciduous Dentition. Forensic Science International 172: 17-22.

Cardoso H.FV. 2007. A Test of the Differential Accuracy of the Maxillary versus the Mandibular Dentition in Age Estimations of Immature Skeletal Remains Based on Developing Tooth Length. Journal of Forensic Sciences 52: 434-437.

Ongoing Projects

  • "Predicting age at death of immature skeletal remains from measurements of the growing skeleton" GB-TAF-4686 project, partially funded by the European program SYNTHESYS (in cooperation with Dr. Louise Humphrey at the Natural History Museum, London).
  • “Children and Childhood in Human Societies”, Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada cluster project, McMaster University, Hamilton (ON) Canada.
  • Building the Basis for Medico-Legal Identification and Cause of Death Determination from Badly Decomposed and Skeletonised Human Remains”. Project funded by FCT (PTDC/CS-ANT/111059/2009), Principal investigador. Website:


Other Information

Awards: CAGS-UMI (Canadian Association for Graduate Studies - University Microfilms International) distinguished dissertation award (2006)