Contacts Centre for Environmental Biology


Associate Professor

CBA research group(s):

Animal Diversity & Conservation

Personal webpage

Team webpage

Jorge Palmeirim

Main Research Interests

Ecology and conservation biology of bats and birds. Tropical ecology.


Academic Qualifications

- 1986 PhD in Systematics and Ecology (University of Kansas)

- 1985 Systematics and Ecology (University of Kansas)

- 1979 5-year college graduation in Biology (University of Lisbon)


Recent Publications

Carvalho, M., Palmeirim J.M., Rego F.C., Sole N., Santana A. & Fa J.E. 2014. What motivates hunters to target exotic or endemic species on the island of São Tomé, Gulf of Guinea? Oryx. [online first doi:10.1017/S0030605313000550].

López-Baucells A., Rocha R., Fernández-Arellano G., Bobrowiec P.E.D., Palmeirim J.M. & Meyer C.F.J. 2014. Echolocation of the big red bat Lasiurus egregius (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae) and first record from the Central Brazilian Amazon. Studies on Neotropical Fauna and Environment 49(1):18-25.

Santos H., Juste J., Ibanez C., Palmeirim J.M., Godinho R., Amorim F., Alves P., Costa H., De Paz O., Perez-Suarez G., Martinez-Alos S., Jones G. & Rebelo H. 2014. Influences of ecology and biogeography on shaping the distributions of cryptic species: three bat tales in Iberia. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 112(1):150-162.

Silva J.P., Estanque B., Moreira F. & Palmeirim J.M. 2014. Population density and use of grasslands by female little bustards during lek attendance, nesting and brood-rearing. Journal of Ornithology 155(1): 53-63.

Silva J.P., Palmeirim J.M., Alcazar R., Correia R., Delgado A. & Moreira F. 2014. A spatially explicit approach to assess the collision risk between birds and overhead power lines: a case study with the little bustard. Biological Conservation 170:256-263.

Baptista S.L., Vaz Pinto P., Freitas M.C., Cruz C. & Palmeirim J.M. 2013. Geophagy by African ungulates: the case of the critically endangered giant sable antelope of Angola (Hippotragus niger variani). African Journal of Ecology 51(1):139-146.

Leal A.I., Correia R.A., Palmeirim J.M. & Granadeiro J.P. 2013. Does canopy pruning affect foliage-gleaning birds in cork oak woodlands? Agroforestry Systems 87(2):355-363.

Marques J.T., Ramos Pereira M.J., Marques T., Santos C.D., Santana J., Beja P. & Palmeirim J.M. 2013. Optimizing Sampling Design to Deal with Mist-Net Avoidance in Amazonian Birds and Bats. Plos One 8(9):e74505.

Martins R.C., Catry T., Santos C.D., Palmeirim J.M. & Granadeiro J.P. 2013. Seasonal Variations in the Diet and Foraging Behaviour of Dunlins Calidris alpina in a South European Estuary: Improved Feeding Conditions for Spring Migrants. Plos One 8(12):e81174.

Rainho A. & Palmeirim J.M. 2013. Prioritizing conservation areas around multispecies bat colonies using spatial modelling. Animal Conservation 16:438-448.

Ramos Pereira M.J. & Palmeirim J.M. 2013. Latitudinal diversity gradients in New World bats: are they a consequence of niche conservatism? Plos One 8(7):e69245.

Lunardi V.O., Macedo R.H., Granadeiro J.P. & Palmeirim J.M. 2012. Migratory flows and foraging habitat selection by shorebirds along the northeastern coast of Brazil: the case of Baía de Todos os Santos. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 96:179-187.

Marques J.T., Ramos Pereira M.J. & Palmeirim J.M. 2012. Availability of food for frugivorous bats in Neotropical rainforests: the influence of flooding and of riverbanks. Acta Chiropterologica 14:183-194.

Moreira F., Silva J.P., Estanque B., Palmeirim J.M., Lecoq M., Pinto M., Leitão D., Alonso I., Pedroso R., Santos E., Catry T., Silva P., Henriques I. & Delgado A. 2012.  Mosaic-level inference of the impact of land cover changes in agricultural landscapes on biodiversity: a case-study with a threatened grassland bird. Plos One 7(6):e38876.

Calvão T.A. & Palmeirim J.M. 2011. A comparative evaluation of spectral vegetation indices for the estimation of biophysical characteristics of Mediterranean semi-deciduous shrub communities. International Journal of Remote Sensing 32:2275-2296.

Leal A.I., Martins R.C., Palmeirim J.M. & Granadeiro J.P. 2011. Influence of habitat fragments on bird assemblages in cork oak woodlands. Bird Study 58:309-320.

Leal A.I., Correia R.A., Granadeiro J.P. & Palmeirim J.M. 2011. Impact of cork extraction on birds: relevance for conservation of Mediterranean biodiversity. Biological Conservation 144:1655-1662.

Rainho A. & Palmeirim J.M. 2011. The importance of distance to resources in the spatial modelling of bat foraging habitat. Plos One 6(4):e19227.

Russo D., Maglio G., Rainho A., Meyer C.F.J. & Palmeirim J.M. 2011. Out of the dark: diurnal activity in the bat Hipposideros ruber on São Tomé island (West Africa). Mammalian Biology 76:701-708.

Beja P., Santos C.D., Santana J., Ramos Pereira M.J., Marques J.T., Queiroz H.L. & Palmeirim J.M.2010. Seasonal patterns of spatial variation in understory bird assemblages across a mosaic of flooded and unflooded Amazonian forests. Biodiversity and Conservation 19(1):129-152.

Rainho A., Augusto A.M. & Palmeirim J.M. 2010. Influence of vegetation clutter on the capacity of ground foraging bats to capture prey. Journal of Applied Ecology 47(4):850-858.

Ramos Pereira M.J., Marques J.T. & Palmeirim J.M. 2010. Ecological responses of frugivorous bats to seasonal fluctuation in fruit availability in Amazonian forests. Biotropica 42(6):680-687.

Ramos Pereira M.J., Marques J.T. & Palmeirim J.M. 2010. Vertical stratification of bat assemblages in flooded and unflooded Amazonian forests. Current Zoology 56(4):469-478.

Rodrigues L., Ramos Pereira M.J., Rainho A. & Palmeirim J.M. 2010. Behavioural factors determining potential gene flow among colonies of the Schreiber’s bat Miniopterus schreibersii. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 64(5):835-843.

Salgueiro P., Palmeirim J.M. & Coelho M.M. 2010. Lack of gene flow between the insular bat Nyctalus azoreum and its mainland ancestor Nyctalus leisleri: evidence from microsatellites. Folia Zoologica 59(1):26-34.

Santos C.D., Miranda A.C., Granadeiro J.P., Lourenço P.M., Saraiva S. & Palmeirim J.M. 2010. Effects of artificial illumination on the nocturnal foraging of waders. Acta Oecologica 36(2):166-172.

Santos C.D., Palmeirim J.M. & Granadeiro J.P. 2010. Choosing the best foraging microhabitats: individual skills constrain the choices of dunlins Calidris alpina. Journal of Avian Biology 41(1):18-24.

Silva J.P., Palmeirim J.M. & Moreira J. 2010. Higher breeding densities of the threatened little bustard Tetrax tetrax occur in larger grassland fields: implications for conservation. Biological Conservation 143(11):2553-2558.

Dias M.P., Granadeiro J.P. & Palmeirim J.M. 2009. Searching behaviour of foraging waders: does feeding success influence their walk? Animal Behaviour 77:1203-1209.

Ramos-Pereira M.J., Salgueiro P., Rodrigues L., Coelho M.M. & Palmeirim J.M. 2009. Population structure of a cave-dwelling bat, Miniopterus schreibersii: does it reflect history and social organization? Journal of Heredity 100(5):533-544.

Ramos-Pereira M.J., Marques J.T., Santana J., Santos C.D., Valsecchi J., Queiroz H.L., Beja P. & Palmeirim J.M. 2009. Structuring of Amazonian bat assemblages: the roles of flooding patterns and floodwater nutrient load. Journal of Animal Ecology 78:1163-1171.

Santos C.D., Granadeiro J.P., Saraiva S. & Palmeirim J.M. 2009. How do waders perceive buried prey with patchy distributions? The role of prey density and size of patch. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 372:43-48.

Dias M.P., Peste F., Granadeiro J.P. & Palmeirim J.M. 2008. Does traditional shellfishing affect foraging by waders? The case of the Tagus estuary, (Portugal). Acta Oecologica-International Journal of Ecology 33(2):188-196.

Lourenço P.M., Silva A., Santos C.D., Miranda A.C., Granadeiro J.P. & Palmeirim J.M. 2008. The energetic importance of night foraging for waders wintering in a temperate estuary. Acta Oecologica-International Journal of Ecology 34(1):122-129.

Lourenço S.I. & Palmeirim J.M. 2008. How do ectoparasitic nycteribiids locate their bat hosts? 2008. Parasitology 135(10):1205-1213.

Lourenço S.I. & Palmeirim J.M. 2008. Which factors regulate the reproduction of ectoparasites of temperate-zone cave-dwelling bats? Parasitology Research 104:127-134.

Rodrigues L. & Palmeirim J.M. 2008. Migratory behaviour of the Schreiber's bat: when, where, and why do cave bats migrate in a Mediterranean region? Journal of Zoology 274(2):116-125.

Rosa S., Granadeiro J.P., Vinagre C., França S., Cabral H.N. & Palmeirim J.M. 2008 Impact of predation on the polychaete Hediste diversicolor in estuarine intertidal flats. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science 78(4):655-664.

Salgueiro P., Palmeirim J.M., Ruedi M. & Coelho M.M. 2008. Gene flow and population structure of the endemic Azorean bat (Nyctalus azoreum) based on microsatellites: implications for conservation. Conservation Genetics 9(5):1163-1171.

Santos C.D., Lourenço P.M., Miranda A.C., Granadeiro J.P. & Palmeirim J.M. 2008. Birds after dark: an efficient and inexpensive system for making long-range observations at night. Journal of Field Ornithology 79(3):329-335.

Franco A.M.A., Palmeirim J.M. & Sutherland W.J. 2007. A method for comparing effectiveness of research techniques in conservation and applied ecology. Biological Conservation 134:98-105.

Granadeiro J.P., Santos C.D., Dias M.P. & Palmeirim J.M. 2007. Environmental factors drive habitat partitioning in birds feeding in intertidal flats: implications for conservation. Hydrobiologia 587:291-302.

Harlow P.S., Fisher M., Tuiwawa M., Biciloa P.N., Palmeirim J.M., Mersai C., Naidu S., Naikatini A., Thaman B., Niukula J. & Strand E. 2007. The decline of the endemic Fijian Crested Iguana Brachylophus vitiensis in the Yasawa and Mamanuca archipelagos, Western Fiji. Oryx 41:44-50.

Lourenço S.I. & Palmeirim J.M. 2007. Can mite parasitism affect the condition of bat hosts? Implications for the social structure of colonial bats. Journal of Zoology 273:161-169.

Palmeirim J.M., Champion A., Naikatini A., Niukula J., Tuiwawa M., Fisher M., Yabaki-Gounder M., Qalovaki S., Thorsteinsdóttir S. & Dunn T. 2007. Distribution, status, and conservation of bats in the Fiji Islands. Oryx 41:509-519.

Rosa S., Granadeiro J.P., Cruz M. & Palmeirim J.M. 2007. Invertebrate prey activity varies along the tidal cycle and depends on sediment drainage: Consequences for the foraging behaviour of waders. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 353:35-44.

Salgueiro P., Ruedi M., Coelho M.M. & Palmeirim J.M. 2007. Genetic divergence and phylogeography in the Genus Nyctalus (Mammalia, Chiroptera): implications for population history of the insular bat Nyctalus azoreum. Genetica 130:169-181.

Zahn A., Rodrigues L., Rainho A. &. Palmeirim J.M. 2007. Critical times of the year for Myotis myotis, a temperate zone bat: roles of climate and food resources. Acta Chiropterologica 9:115-125.


Ongoing Projects

  • Endemic pigeons of São Tomé: developing science-based conservation and sustainable use of African forest pigeons. (Coordinator). PTDC/BIA-BIC/115223/2009.

  • Temporal dynamics of the impacts of forest fragmentation on Neotropical bat assemblages. (Coordinated by Christoph Meyer, CBA). PTDC/BIA-BIC/111184/2009.

  • CrypDiv - Unveiling bat cryptic divergence in Iberia: using distribution modelling and genetic analyses to investigate the isolation and differentiation of species (Coordinated by Hugo Rebelo, CIBIO). PTDC/BIA-BIC/110587/2009.

  • Agro-forestry management practices of montados and its impact on biodiversity: bats and birds as models. (Coordenator). Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (2010-2012).


Other Information

Commissioner for Portugal, International Whaling Commission.
Coordinator of the Conservation Biology M.A. programme, University of Lisbon.
Coordinator of the Animal Diversity and Conservation Group of CBA.
Member of the Editorial Board of Acta Chiropterologica (Warsaw, Poland).
Member of the Species Survival Commission of the IUCN -The World Conservation Union (Chiroptera Specialist Group).
AWARDS: Quercus Prize for Nature Conservation.