Contacts Centre for Environmental Biology


PhD, Senior Researcher

CBA research group(s):

Evolutionary Genetics

Personal webpage

Team webpage

Maria Judite Alves

Main Research Interests

My main research interests are the study of the evolutionary processes responsible for generating and maintaining genetic diversity within and among natural populations, and driving speciation.


Academic Qualifications

- 1998: PhD in Evolutionary Biology (University of Lisbon)

- 1990: 5-year college graduation in Biology (Faculty of Sciences, University of Lisbon)

Recent Publications

Sousa-Santos C., Gante H.F., Robalo J., Proença Cunha P., Martins A., Arruda M., Alves M.J. & Almada V. 2014. Evolutionary history and population genetics of a cyprinid fish (Iberochondrostoma olisiponensis) endangered by introgression from a more abundant relative. Conservation Genetics 15:665–677.

Aboim M.A., Mesquita N., Drago M., Coelho M.M. & Alves M.J. 2013. Assessing inter-drainage connections: patterns of genetic diversity in an Iberian cyprinid fish. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 109(3):656–669.

Mateus C.S., Alves M.J., Quintella B.R. & Almeida P.R. 2013. Three new cryptic species of the lamprey genus Lampetra Bonnaterre, 1788 (Petromyzontiformes: Petromyzontidae) from the Iberian Peninsula. Contributions to Zoology 82(1):37-53.

Mateus C.S., Stange M., Berner D., Roesti M., Quintella B.R., Alves M.J., Almeida P.R. & Salzburger W. 2013. Strong genome-wide divergence between sympatric European river and brook lampreys. Current Biology 23(15):R649-R650.

Micael J., Alves M.J., Jones M.B. & Costa A.C. 2013. The population dynamics of Ophidiaster ophidianus (Echinodermata: Asteroidea) in the Azores, at the north-western periphery of its distribution. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 93(4):1087-1095.

Costa F.O., Landi M., Martins R., Costa M.H., Costa M.E., Carneiro M., Alves M.J., Steinke D. & Carvalho G.R. 2012. A ranking system for reference libraries of DNA barcodes: application to marine fish species from Portugal. Plos One 7:e35858.

Lopes-Cunha M., Aboim M.A., Mesquita N., Alves M.J., Doadrio I. & Coelho M.M. 2012. Population genetic structure in the Iberian cyprinid fish Iberochondrostoma lemmingii (Steindachner, 1866): disentangling species fragmentation and colonization processes. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 105:559-572.

Madeira C., Alves M.J., Mesquita N., Silva S.E. & Paula J. 2012. Tracing geographical patterns of population differentiation in a widespread mangrove gastropod: genetic and geometric morphometrics surveys along the eastern African coast. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 107:647-663.

Gante H.F., Alves M.J. & Dowling T.E.D. 2011. Paralog-specific primers for the amplification of nuclear loci in tetraploid barbels (Barbus: Cypriniformes). Journal of Heredity 102(5):617-621.

Mateus C.S., Almeida P.R., Quintella B.R. & Alves M.J. 2011. MtDNA markers reveal the existence of allopatric evolutionary lineages in the threatened lampreys Lampetra fluviatilis (L.) and Lampetra planeri (Bloch) in the Iberian glacial refugium. Conservation Genetics 12(4):1061-1074.

Micael J., Rodrigues A.S., Barreto M.C., Alves M.J., Jones M.B. & Costa A.C. 2011. Allocation of energy during the reproductive cycle of Ophidiaster ophidianus (Echinodermata: Asteroidea). Invertebrate Reproduction and Development 55(4):205-216.

Gante H.F., Santos C.D. & Alves M.J. 2010. Phylogenetic relationships of the newly described species Chondrostoma olisiponensis Gante et al. (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Journal of Fish Biology 76:965–974.

Micael J., Alves M.J., Jones M.B. & Costa A.C. 2010. Quantitative sampling of sub-tidal echinoderms in Azores. Vie et Milieu - Life and Environment 60(4):327-333.

Silva I.C., Alves M.J., Paula J. & Hawkins S.J. 2010. Population differentiation of the shore crab Carcinus maenas (Brachyura, Portunidae) in the southwest English coast based on genetic and morphometric analyses. Scientia Marina 74(3):435-444.

Gante H.F., Micael J., Oliva-Paterna F.J., Doadrio I., Dowling T.E. & Alves M.J. 2009. Diversification within glacial refugia: tempo and mode of evolution of the polytypic fish species Barbus sclateri. Molecular Ecology 18:3240-3255.

Micael J., Alves M.J., Jones M.B. & Costa A.C. 2009. Exploitation and conservation of echinoderms. Oceanography and Marine Biology: An Annual Review 47:191-208.

Ribeiro F., Gante H.F., Sousa G., Filipe A.F., Alves M.J. & Magalhães M.F. 2009. New records, distribution and dispersal pathways of Sander lucioperca in Iberian freshwaters. Cybium 33(3):255-256.

Santos A.S., Amaro F., Santos-Silva M., Sousa R., Mathias M.L., Ramalhinho M.G., Nuncio M.S., Alves M.J., Bacellar F. & Runler J.S. 2009. Detection of antibodies against Anaplasma phagocytophilum in Algerian Mice (Mus spretus), Portugal. Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases 9(6):663-669.

Silva I.C., Mesquita N., Schubart C.D., Alves M.J. & Paula J. 2009. Genetic patchiness of the shore crab Pachygrapsus marmoratus along the Portuguese coast. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 378:50-57.

Gante H.F., Alves M.J. & Dowling T.E. 2008. Development of cytochrome b primers for mitotyping of barbels (Barbus spp.). Molecular Ecology Resources (Formerly Molecular Ecology Notes) 8(4):786-789.

Gante H.F., Moreira da Costa L., Micael J. & Alves M.J. 2008. First record of Barbonymus schwanenfeldii (Bleeker 1853) in the Iberian Peninsula. Journal of Fish Biology 72(4):1089-1094.

Pires A.M., Magalhães M.F., Moreira da Costa L., Alves M.J. & Coelho M.M. 2008. Effects of an extreme flash flood on the native fish assemblages across a Mediterranean catchment. Fisheries Management and Ecology 15:49-58.

Espanhol R., Almeida P.R. & Alves M.J. 2007. Evolutionary history of lamprey paired species Lampetra fluviatilis (L.) and Lampetra planeri (Bloch) as inferred from mitochondrial DNA variation. Molecular Ecology 16:1909-1924.

Gante H.F., Santos C.D. & Alves M.J. 2007. A new species of Chondrostoma Agassiz, 1832 (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae) with sexual dimorphism from the lower Rio Tejo Basin, Portugal. Zootaxa 1616:23-25.


Ongoing Projects

  • À Descoberta no Museu: Construir Ciência. Programa Escolher Ciência - da Escola à Universidade, Agência Ciência Viva. PEC017.


Other Information

- Member of the FFishGUL

- Curator of the Fish Collection, and co-curator of DNA & Tissue Collection of the Museu Nacional de História Natural e da Ciência.

- Member of the Fish Barcode of Life Initiative (FISH-BOL).

- Collaboration as referee with the following scientific journals: Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, Canadian Journal of Zoology, Genetica, Folia Biologica, Heredity, Journal of Fish Biology, Journal of Heredity, Marine Biology, Molecular Ecology, Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution.

- Colaboration as reviewer with the Grant Agency of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic.